London School of Economics and Political Science di Inggris Raya

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London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) adalah salah satu universitas ilmu sosial terkemuka di dunia, yang mengkhususkan diri dalam berbagai studi ilmu sosial, termasuk ekonomi, politik, sosiologi, hukum, dan antropologi.

Didirikan pada akhir 1800-an oleh anggota Fabian Society Beatrice dan Sidney Webb, Graham Wallas dan George Bernard Shaw untuk tujuan memperbaiki masyarakat, ‘dengan mempelajari masalah kemiskinan dan menganalisis ketidaksetaraan.’

Filsuf Bertrand Russell mengajar di sana pada tahun 1895-96 dan 1937-38, membantu mendefinisikan etos LSE. Pada tahun 1900, ia bergabung dengan Universitas federal London dan tetap menjadi anggota sejak itu, berkembang pesat ke posisinya saat ini di dekat Aldwych di pusat kota London, di mana Raja George V meletakkan batu pertama ‘Gedung Tua’ pada tahun 1920.

LSE membanggakan asosiasi dengan 16 pemenang Hadiah Nobel dan memiliki 37 pemimpin dunia di masa lalu atau sekarang di antara alumninya. Bertrand Russell menerima Hadiah Nobel untuk Sastra pada tahun 1950, mengakui tulisannya tentang ‘cita-cita kemanusiaan dan kebebasan berpikir’, sementara Mick Jagger menghadiri sebagai sarjana pada tahun 1961, keluar setelah satu tahun untuk membentuk Rolling Stones.

Perdana Menteri Inggris Clement Attlee adalah asisten dosen di sana pada tahun 1912 dan salah satu guru pertama di Departemen Ilmu dan Administrasi Sosial yang baru. Lord Beveridge secara terpisah diangkat sebagai direktur LSE pada tahun 1937, kemudian menulis Laporan Beveridge yang terkenal, landasan negara kesejahteraan Inggris.

Serikat mahasiswa LSE telah dua kali menimbulkan kontroversi dalam setengah abad terakhir, pertama dalam serangkaian kerusuhan pada tahun 1967 untuk memprotes penunjukan direktur Sir Walter Adams, yang telah bekerja sebagai kepala sekolah di Zimbabwe di bawah pemerintahan kulit putih. Dan lagi pada tahun 1989, ketika siswa memilih Winston Silcott sebagai presiden kehormatan mereka, setelah hukuman pembunuhan Silcott (kemudian dibatalkan) selama kerusuhan Broadwater Farm yang terkenal di London.

Sumber: timeshighereducation.com

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University of East London

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Didirikan pada tahun 1898, University of East London menjalankan tujuh sekolah termasuk Arsitektur, Komputer dan Teknik, Seni dan Industri Digital, Sekolah Pendidikan dan Komunitas Cass, Kesehatan, Olahraga dan Biosains, Psikologi, Ilmu Sosial, Sekolah Bisnis dan Hukum Royal Docks, dan sebuah Sekolah Pascasarjana. Universitas membanggakan Psikologi, Pendidikan dan Komunitas, dan sekolah Bisnis dan Hukumnya.

UEL terletak di distrik Stratford dan Docklands London Timur. Kampus terbesar ada di Docklands. Kampus Stratford yang menampung Sekolah Pendidikan dan Komunitas Cass, Sekolah Olahraga Kesehatan dan Biosains dan Sekolah Psikologi, berpusat di sekitar bangunan terdaftar abad ke-19. Kampus University Square Stratford dimiliki bersama dengan Birkbeck, dan didedikasikan untuk mahasiswa dewasa. Lembaga ini menawarkan sejumlah klub dan perkumpulan berbeda yang dijalankan oleh mahasiswa, fokus mereka mulai dari seni hingga bersepeda, dan dari penyebab seperti Pembangunan Internasional – baik nasional, budaya, politik atau agama. Klub dan perkumpulan adalah salah satu cara terbaik untuk mengenal orang-orang dengan minat yang sama dan berteman.

University of East London adalah salah satu dari sedikit universitas di London yang menawarkan akomodasi di dalam kampus. Tapi Anda juga bisa tinggal di luar kampus, apalagi jika Anda sudah memiliki keluarga atau ingin berbagi flat dengan pasangan.

Alumninya yang terkenal termasuk politisi Buruh Inggris Hilary Armstrong dan Rupa Huq, presenter berita bahasa Inggris Al Jazeera Daljit Dhaliwal, seniman Jake dan Dinos Chapman, mantan CEO Ford Motor Company Alexander Trotman, mantan Perdana Menteri Dominika Edison James, Judo Olympian Gemma Gibbons, dan aktris Bollywood Sonam Kapoor.

Sumber: timeshighereducation.com

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London series: Referencing

For a student who doesn’t actually care much about essay writing, referencing is only important because it’s mandatory. You probably don’t care why but understand that there are logical reasons behind so you won’t complain and get it done. Referencing is mainly done within the essay itself and in the references section.

First, references within the essay are usually made up of in text citations. These citations are usually made up of the author, year, and sometimes even the pages used. A great tip for getting these done is immediately writing them down during the essay writing process. By doing this you’re saving yourself a ton of hassle in finding which sentences need to be referenced and inputting those references.

Second, the references section is probably the most difficult part of referencing. Fortunately, within the vast expanse of the internet there are free online citation generators which make and order your references for you. These websites include Cite this For Me and many others that will help save time and energy in getting over the finish line of essay writing.

London series: Concluding

For readers, the conclusion is probably the most important part of the essay. It really helps them understand the contents of an essay without reading it to completion. As a consequence, essay writers should take extra care to summarise the main points of the essay within the conclusion so it becomes easy to understand. To do this, all it takes is just restatement of your thesis and a minimum of two sentences to explain your points. So a typical and basic format for a conclusion would be like this:

  1. Thesis
  2. Main point of argument
  3. Summary of explanation of argument
  4. Repeat steps 2-3 depending on how many arguments you have
  5. recommendation

London series: Transitions

Do not underestimate the role of transitions within an essay. This words are what make the essay flow and give cohesiveness to what you write down. Without them essays would just be a collection of random sentences meeting up to convey an unclear message. The role of transitions can be divided into three; connecting sentences, connecting paragraphs, and the role of this.

First, transitions are used within paragraphs to connect different sentences. These are typically transitions such as “Also”, “Regardless”, and “Moreover along with listing transitions and concluding transitions. These words are able to help establish the flow of your writing whether it be building on, contradicting, or ending a paragraph.

Second, transitions are used to connect paragraphs. These are used per paragraph at the beginning of them with the typical “First”, “Furthermore”, and any other transition you would like to use. These are usually important in presenting the topic sentence of a paragraph so your readers will know what you’ll be talking about.

Third, the word this is an underrated transition as it refers to something in the sentence directly before it . This word is a crucial tool in analysis as it keeps the flow going while talking about something that has already been talked about. Without this your essays would over 5000 words long with no signs of cohesion.

London series: Synthesising

Being able to synthesise your analyses and arguments is what really makes an easy great. This shows you are able to write and think cohesively that will aggregate into an eye-opening essay for your tutors to grade. There are two main steps to doing this; have a line of argument that is interdependent and show this interdependency in your conclusion.

First, make sure when constructing your arguments there is a clear relationship between them. For example, you could relate your arguments in terms of causality. For instance, if you’re writing an essay on the negative effects of studying you could argue in terms of fatigue and stress. You could relate the two by stating that studying causes fatigue which in turn causes stress thus creating further problems related to studying. This allows you to explain both arguments in great detail while showing your understanding of the two topics.

Second, the easiest way to show this line of thinking is in your conclusion. Trying to write down the relationship between arguments will be difficult to do in your body. This is because it takes up a lot of words and might mess up your flow. However, writing a conclusion which not only summarises your main points but also shows the relationship between them will score you points with your tutor and allow you to keep it concise.